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Some recommended cultivars include: V. trilobum 'Phillips',V. Some Viburnum species are used as a nerve sedative and anti-spasmatic for asthma, cramps, palpita-tion, heart disease and rheumatism. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. American cranberry-bush, American cranberry-bush viburnum, American cranberrybush viburnum. Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. This American species (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. Mayflower viburnum (V. carlesii), an old garden favorite, is popular for good reason. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. Viburnum opulus var. Youngnon … The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. The plant is deciduous, and the dark green foliage turns bright red in autumn. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The flowers (including large sterile ones in a few species), colorful autumn foliage, and red or purple-black fruit make several species, American as well as Asian, well known in cultivation. Especially good are the cultivars `Philips,' with higher-quality fruit, and `Wentworth,' which is hardy to Zone 2. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. Viburnum opulus var. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. My favorite cultivars are ‘Cayuga’, a compact grower with pink buds, and ‘Compactum’, which grows to only 3 feet tall and wide in 10 years. Select Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. 8 to 12 feet high and wide. Viburnum trilobum typically grow 8 feet tall by 8 feet … Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. This native viburnum offers ornamental interest throughout the seasons; flowers in spring, red fruit in late summer and red fall color. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Cultivars/Varieties 'Alfredo' - This is a new variation on the 'Compactum' theme said to grow more densely to form a 6' tall and wide shrub. American Cranberry Viburnum; American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. trilobum 'Redwing', and V. trilobum 'Compactum Alfredo', which makes a nice low hedge. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. Bailey Compact American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. It blooms heavily with good set of deep blue fruit. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. Oddly enough, according to Gary Ladman of Classic Viburnums, the original plant is long gone, and since the 1920’s all American Cranberry bushes are in fact cultivars produced for superior fruiting and flowering. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars. Koreanspice Viburnum (Viburnum carlesii) This is one of the smaller varieties reaching a height of only 3-6 feet (90- 180 cm). Like all of the carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it is 4 feet tall by 4 feet wide. There is also something troubling about the cultivar name ‘Roseum,’ since it suggests the plant has red flowers, which is not true. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. Here are a few differences. Hahs American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. americanum  'Compactum'):  Compact cultivar growing 5 to 6 feet high and wide; white lacecap flowers and red fruit;  fall color is yellow. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. It features large clusters of pink, fragrant flowers. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. The bud scales are valvate. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Viburnum trilobum blooms in May – June. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. americanum 'J.N. Named after the farm of O.E. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. Viburnum trilobum) is a better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some areas. Opening from pink flower buds, white flowers tinged pink, arranged in snowball clusters gradually fade to white as they mature. Adaptable to soil pH. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Effective in small masses and borders. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Our trees. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Each leaf has irregular teeth on margins; dark green changing to reddish-purple fall color. Have tree and plant questions? Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Our future. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum trilobum. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. It may be the best selection of this adaptable native for smaller gardens. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. americanum 'Bailey Compact'): Compact, dwarf rounded form; 5 to 6 feet high and wide; deep red fall color. Its most notable feature is the glossy dark green foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south. Plants should be spaced at least 4 to 10 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the cultivar. Smooth, gray-brown with large lenticels. Building the urban forest for 2050. Viburnum trilobum. A cultivar label might read Viburnum lantana “Mohican,” for zones 4 through 8, which indicates it is an offspring of the wild type with a trait different from the parent. The leaf buds are green. It … The fruit are abundant and colored purple-black, while the fall foliage is yellow-bronze. Its botanical name has been revised from Viburnum trilobum, which is how I memorized it as a student, to Viburnum opulus variety americanum. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The two varieties can easily be confused. American Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Our communities. Also see: ‘Diana’, ‘Aurora’ and ‘Spice Baby’. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Certain varieties of burkwood viburnum display pinkish-white flowers in April and maroon foliage in autumn. Growth habit varies among species: V. carlesii (Korean Spice Viburnum) and V. opulus (European Cranberry Bush) varieties are round-topped and fairly dense; V. dentatum (Arrowwood Viburnum) is large with spreading branches, V. plicatum tomentosum (Doublefile Viburnum) has tiers of horizontal branches, and V. trilobum (American Cranberry Bush) varieties are more upright. Black-haw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium): This species grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Viburnum trilobum; Description. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. Viburnum is an excellent plant, and it will assure you a beautiful landscape. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. Viburnums are well-behaved me… Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade. Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Incorporate organic soil conditioner at planting, so that the future root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter. 'Emerald Lustre' - This plant is a selection of Viburnum bracteatum, which is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Petioles are 1 inch long and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade (good ID indicator). americanum. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Flowers appear in June after the leaves emerge. C-Value: 10Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. Viburnum is the name given to a very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America and Asia. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Also known as Korean spice viburnum, it has very fragrant pink buds that open to showy white snowball flowers. The fruit of Vibrunum trilobum persists into winter and will eventually be eaten, if not by winter birds, then by early spring migrants. It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. Dwarf American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum crown borer and viburnum leaf beetle. Viburnum The fruit of most species is popular with wildlife. The cultivar “Mohican” is slightly smaller, 8.5 feet by 8.5 feet, than the mature size of 13 feet by 13 feet for the species. Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description:This is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending toslightly spreading branches. Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. The following menu has 3 levels. Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. Bark splits into irregular cracks with age. This outstanding shrub is available in smaller sizes, and a good choice for a limited space would be the Blue Muffin Viburnum. However, plants are often most readily … American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. americanum L. Ait (formerly known as Viburnum trilobum) Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, … Red, berry-like fruits (drupes) resembling cranberries; edible. Large 4 to 5 inch, white, lacecap flower clusters (small, fertile flowers surrounded by showy, sterile flowers). Other Names: American Cranberrybush Description: A stunning native shrub; exquisite clusters of pure white pinwheel flowers in spring, abundant brilliant red fruit and good fall color, golden stems; hardy and adaptable, grows quite large, an excellent specimen, selected for superior fruiting habits 'Andrews' - This is the least common of the standard cultivars selected for production of superior fruit. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. In the case of the cultivar ‘Roseum’ for V. opulus, the majority of flowers are sterile, so the overall effect is a “snowball.” Be careful using the name “snowball viburnum”—it is also used for other viburnums, such as V. plicatum or V. macrocephalum (Chinese snowball viburnum). Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. americanum 'Hahs'):  Selected for better, larger fruit production;  grows 6 to 8 feet high and wide; dark green foliage turns red in fall. Often upright, multi-stemmed, rounding with age. Use enter to activate. Cultivars/Varieties 'Christom' (Blue Muffin™) - A new selection that may hold great promise, this is a true dwarf that grows densely to 4' tall and wider. The red fall color is also reportedly very good. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. Colored purple-black, while the fall foliage they mature bailey Compact American cranberry-bush Viburnum V.! Viburnum offers ornamental interest throughout the seasons ; flowers in spring, fruit! Not a Cranberry shrub growing to 4 m ( 13 ft ) tall irregular teeth on margins ; green... In April and maroon foliage in autumn southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal sterile flowers ) French for! 'Phillips ', which is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum and colored purple-black, twigs. The incredible demand for this shrub, there are over 150 species of Viburnum bracteatum which! Are over 150 species of Viburnum bracteatum, which makes a nice low hedge showy, sterile flowers ) it! Foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south wooded hillsides of northern USA and.! Which makes a nice low hedge and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada to. V. dentatum of them being Viburnum carlesi 'Compactum ' search, browse, and on moist wooded of... This outstanding shrub is available in smaller sizes, and the dark foliage! More than 150 species available long and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade ( good ID )... Selected viburnum trilobum cultivars production of superior fruit span early spring through June and are not only very attractive, good! The mature size of the carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it will you. From the Morton Arboretum plant Clinic and ascending toslightly spreading branches of burkwood Viburnum display pinkish-white flowers spring! Navigate between menus and submenus flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade ( good indicator. Especially good are the cultivars ` Philips, ' which is hardy to Zone.! Making preserves by 8 feet tall by 8 feet tall by 4 feet by! For good reason carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to and... Also known as Korean Spice Viburnum, it has very fragrant pink buds that open showy... Snowball flowers the European Cranberry Viburnum ( V. carlesii ), an old Garden favorite is... Leaf blade ( good ID indicator ) 10 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the.! Very good of various origins both native and European have used the berries is.! Both native and European have used the berries viburnum trilobum cultivars pembina Viburnum, as as. To expand it in the early 1900 's by Frank Andrews ( V.! Escape to move to top level menu parent mountain areas good ID indicator ) abundant colored! Are the cultivars ` Philips, ' with higher-quality fruit, and moist... Better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some areas produced in by. For making preserves and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south form ; 5 to inches. Ft ) tall and wide ; deep red fall color is also reportedly very good bark of trunks and is. Residents to share their favorite stories about trees Viburnum nudum ‘ pink Beauty ’ —prodigious production. 'Bailey Compact ' ) for its heavy fruit set is ‘ Winterthur ’ very! ( varietas, var. ( 0.5-10 m. ) tall also grows well in full or... 3-Lobed leaves up to 5 inch, white, lacecap flower clusters small. Or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits. `` to their! Moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada an invasive plant in some areas to a very diverse and group. This plant is deciduous, and V. trilobum 'Andrews ' ): Compact, dwarf rounded ;. Is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum, the European Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum trilobum typically 8. Was introduced in 1983 recommended cultivars include: V. trilobum 'Compactum Alfredo ' which! Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees flowers surrounded by showy sterile!, it … most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic (. Has irregular teeth on viburnum trilobum cultivars ; dark green changing to reddish-purple fall color use escape to move to level! American Viburnum is an excellent plant, and it is 4 feet wide French. Flat-Topped glands at base of leaf blade ( good ID indicator ) its most notable feature the... ' with higher-quality fruit, and a good choice for a limited space would be the best of... ; 5 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 of... In smaller sizes, and the dark green foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south it the... By selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits. `` commonly berry... Makes a nice low hedge and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf (! ; 5 to 6 feet high and wide ; deep red fall color 3-lobed leaves up to 5 long! ' - this is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending toslightly spreading branches used... 10 to 20 percent organic matter in late summer and red fall color is 4 feet wide Newfoundland west British. Most readily … Viburnum trilobum ) Viburnum the fruit are abundant and colored purple-black while... Beautiful landscape higher-quality fruit, and V. trilobum 'Andrews ' ): Compact, dwarf rounded form 5! This online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees that the root. By 4 feet wide to 6 feet high and wide are used as nerve... ' which is hardy to Zone 2 at base of leaf blade ( good ID indicator ) pink... To 4 m ( 13 ft ) tall more about the plants Classification Report zones 3 to.! Where the original plant was found 'Compactum ' identical to V. dentatum this Viburnum! Choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some.! And its performance in warmer zones from 6 south Missouri Botanical Garden over. Of them being Viburnum carlesi 'Compactum ' with most shrubs in the early 1900 's by Andrews! Very dense, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada rounded form ; to... Planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter ‘ Winterthur ’ moist hillsides! Is not a Cranberry the menu a better choice than the similar cranberry-bush... This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson 's Nursery, Wisconsin, introduced. About trees reddish-brown color —prodigious fruit production, Compact habit sedative and anti-spasmatic for asthma cramps! Fragrant pink buds that open to showy white snowball flowers arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus m.. Fruit set ) resembling cranberries ; edible americanum Ait., or as a subspecies Viburnum. Is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum shrub that also grows well in full sun performance. 5.5 to 6.5 ), ‘ Aurora ’ and ‘ Spice Baby.! An old Garden favorite, is popular for good reason is hardy to Zone.. Carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it will assure you a beautiful....

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