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Catharanthus roseus on ARKive: Images of Life on Earth. It has attracted increasing attention due to it being shown to possess a range of phytochemicals with various biological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic and anticancer properties. Side Effects of Catharanthus roseus According to Zaini and Halimoon (2013), Catharanthus roseus is regarded as a poisonous plant because of the presence of danvinrosidin, catharanthine, vindolinine, leurosine, akuammine, norharman, lochnerine, vinleurosin, tetrahydroalstonine, vindoline … Muriel Le Roux, Françoise Guéritte, in Navelbine® and Taxotere®, 2017. Overview Information Periwinkle is an herb. The leaves are oval to oblong, 2.5- 9.0 cm. Landscaping Uses Used widely in containers, hanging baskets and pots, Catharanthus roseus or Vinca are also suited for mass planting. To. Catharanthus roseus. The genus Catharanthus comprises 8 species, all originating from Madagascar except for the species Catharanthus pusillus, which is restricted to India and Sri Lanka (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). Drug Uses. Other languages: Kanniedood (A) Recommended varieties: C. roseus ‘Albus’ bears white flowers. Catharanthus roseus is easily propagated by apical semi-ripe cuttings in light, free-draining compost. It is widely used in temperate zones as an annual bedding plant and continues blooming throughout the season. It belongs to the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants and is native of South-eastern and eastern Madagascar found growing as wild plant species in rain forest. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Accepted Name Madagascar Periwinkle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Apocynaceae > Catharanthus > Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca is a common ornamental plant grown in the gardens of residential and official compounds. In addition to its medicinal uses, Catharanthus roseus is a popular ornamental plant. Catharanthus roseus is a tropical hardy plant grown as a pot ornamental plant for its rosy or white flowers. Two compounds, vinblastine (Velban) and vincristine (Oncovin) are currently used in the clinic as anti-cancer agents. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Periwinkle) belongs to the family apocyanaceae, is a bushy perennial herb and evergreen shrub. 2006;6:41.17184528. The botanical nomenclature C. roseus, determined by the Scottish botanist George Don, has been the subject of numerous questions and polemic debates about its denomination. Induction of apoptosis in human leukemia cells through an intrinsic pathway by cathachunine, a unique alkaloid isolated from Catharanthus roseus. Pattarachotanant N, Rakkhitawatthana V, Tencomnao T. Effect of Gloriosa superba and Catharanthus roseus extracts on IFN-γ-induced keratin 17 expression in HaCaT human keratinocytes. It is popularly known as Madagascar periwinkle. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen subshrub or herbaceous plant that grows up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall. Catharanthus roseus is most commonly associated with coastal habitats (e.g. Catharanthus roseus has anti-cancer effects and is traditionally used to treat diabetes, It is a popular ornamental plant in East Africa. The most well known of the "vinca" alkaloids derived from C. roseus are vinblastine (vincaleukoblastine, Velban) and vincristine (leurocristine, Oncovin), which are now widely used pharmaceutical anticancer agents. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don a is known as the Madagascan periwinkle or the tropical periwinkle. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It produces attractive bushy foliage that is covered by an often profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers from summer to frost. Catharanthus roseus one of the most medicinally valuable plant species of Apocynaceae family, which is used in traditional herbal medicine in the world, and the chemical extraction has a role in cancer treatment. Detailed information related to Catharanthus Roseus's uses, side-effects, reviews, questions, interactions, and precautions is as follows: Uses Catharanthus Roseus is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of the following diseases, conditions and symptoms: The genus Catharanthus is closely related to the genus Vinca and the species C. roseus was formerly known as Vinca rosea. Uses: Medicinal – Research is being conducted into the use of the root to treat leukaemia. 0. It is botanically named as Catharanthus roseus and belongs to the Apocynaceae family. Border plant, edging plant, in containers, hanging baskets, ground cover, around pools, courtyards and under canopied trees. Subject. Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as bright eyes, Cape periwinkle, graveyard plant, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, pink periwinkle, rose periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae.It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer. An extensive body of literature exists on the clinical uses of the various purified alkaloids of Catharanthus. Tsitsirika, Catharanthus roseus, pink periwinkle: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by DrGodofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies It is small in size perennial herbaceous evergreen plant that was native to the Madagascar island. SIZE: Grows 30 – 60cm tall with an equal spread. A white C. roseus flower. Catharanthus roseus – White flowering Vinca. Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (L) G.Don. Family: Apocynaceae Geographical source: ADVERTISEMENTS: It is indigenous to Madagascar. The plant also has along history of use in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, western medical science began researching this plant during the 20th century. Synonyms include Vinca rosea (the basionym), Ammocallis rosea, and Lochnera rosea; other English names occasionally used include Cape Periwinkle, Rose … The flowers are pollinated by Butterflies. Catharanthus roseus (C. roseus) is an important medicinal plant distributed in many countries. Environmental and other impacts. This subtropical flowering plant can be grown year round in warm regions. This simple-looking plant boasts significant medicinal properties. long and 1- 3.5 cm. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in) by 0.7 m (2ft 4in) at a fast rate. 24. This plant is known by three names such as Myrtle, Vinca, … It is widely used in temperate zones as an annual bedding plant and continues blooming throughout the season. ADVERTISEMENTS: Synonyms and Regional name: Vinca rosea, Lochnera rosea, Sadaphuli, Rattanjot Billaganneru; Hindi- Sadabahar; Beng.-Nayantara. It is a shrub that grows to a height of 1-3 feet having smooth, glossy, dark green leaves, and flowers throughout the year. Catharanthus roseus flower extract has wound-healing activity in Sprague Dawley rats. Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as bright eyes, Cape periwinkle, graveyard plant, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, pink periwinkle, rose periwinkle, [2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae.It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, … Catharanthus roseus had been used for many years as a folk medicine, but was recognized by western physicians in the 1950s to produce compounds with anti-cancer activity. Botanical Name: Cantharanthus roseus; Hindi Name: Sadabahar Synonyms : Vinca rosea L. Common Name : Baramasi, Sadaphuli, Periwinkle Plant Family : Apocynaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van About Catharanthus roseus Plant : Biological source: ADVERTISEMENTS: It is dried whole plant of Catharanthus roseus. Wang XD, Li CY, Jiang MM, et al. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. long and they are arranged in the opposite pairs. Stem is erect, lax branching with flexible long branches, purple or light green. One of the very popular perennials are Catharanthus roseus, also known as Vinca and commonly called Perriwinkles. This subtropical flowering plant can be grown year round in warm regions. Catharanthus roseus – Vinca. This is Catharanthus roseus or 'Madagascar periwinkle' of the Apocynaceae family. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen subherb or herbaceous plant growing to 1 m. tall. USES: Strong and continual flowering. In addition to its medicinal uses, Catharanthus roseus is a popular ornamental plant. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The best results are obtained when bottom heat and high humidity are provided. Propagation can also be carried out by seed, which should be maintained at 22-25ºC … Catharanthus roseus at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Location Collected: Lehdau, Nett Collected by: Rosalynda Nakasone . Interesting info: Usually grown as an annual. BMC Complement Altern Med. Catharanthus roseus, the Madagascar periwinkle, rose periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. Remarkably, vinblastine and vincristine isolated from this plant were the … Genus Species: Catharanthus roseus or Vinca rosea or Vinca roseus Family: Apocynaceae Chuukese name: None English name: Madagascar periwinkle Kosraen name: None Pohnpeian name: None Yapese name: None Growth form: Shrub Growth location: Terrestial Growth environment: Cultivated Garden LOCATION: Full sun light partial shade. Catharanthus roseus is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. The leaves are oval to oblong, up to 3.6 inches (9 cm) long and up to 2 inches (3.5 cm) wide, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short petiole up to 0.7 inches (1.8 cm) long. The plant is self-fertile. This plant is cultivated as an ornamental plant and found in tropical … The plant alkaloids are hypotensive, sedative, anti-cancerous, relieves the muscular system and possess other health benefits. 3.1.1 Creation of the genus Catharanthus. If you want to move it to the top of the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.. Share. Catharanthus roseus on CalPhotos. Don't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). Economic and other uses. broad glossy green hairless with a pale midrib and a short petiole about 1- 1.8 cm. Message The user has shared this species from … Catharanthus roseus on floridata.com. One such plant is Catharanthus roseus which is easily available and enjoys a very good reputation in indigenous medicine. It is an evergreen subshrub or 'bush', with a small flower of five petals. Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar Periwinkle) is a species of Catharanthus native and endemic to Madagascar. Well adapted … Catharanthus roseus on Forest and Kim Starr’s Starr Environmental site. Catharanthus roseus is a perennial small herb or sub-shrub, up to 90 cm in height. Vinca roseus tea is effective for relief of rheumatism and arthritis. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca, is an erect to spreading tender perennial in the dogbane family typically mounding 6-18” (less frequently to 24”) tall and as wide. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Health benefits cuttings in light, free-draining compost evergreen subherb or herbaceous plant grows. Habitats ( e.g an often profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers from summer to.. Obtained when bottom heat and high humidity are provided in addition to its medicinal uses Catharanthus... Associated with coastal habitats ( e.g, ground cover, around pools, courtyards and under canopied trees tropical.... Maintained at 22-25ºC … uses: medicinal – Research is being conducted into use! 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