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Matsum. Brassica juncea is as edible, yellow-flowering plant grown as either an annual, biennial, or perennial depending upon the variety and the zone. The different types of mustard vary in physical appearance (see how to distinguish mustard from canola) and use. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Mustard is a broadleaf, cruciferous, cool-seasoned annual oilseed crop produced primarily for the condiment market. It is summer-flowering, grows in sun, prefers regular water, and can be grown from seed in Zones 2-11. (2000) used linkage mapping to show that the B. juncea genome has remained largely unchanged since the hybridization event and contains the conserved genomes of both progenitor species. Rather similar to Brassica juncea crispifolia and combined with that group by some botanists. Two species and three types of mustards are grown in Western Canada: Sinapis alba (yellow mustard) and Brassica juncea (brown and oriental mustards). Brassicaceae Mustard greens, Leaf mustard, Indian mustard, Rai, Brown mustard. Cultivars of B. juncea are grown for … ex Trautv. Indian mustard. This process uses organisms like plants to treat or extract harmful chemicals from hazardous waste sites. Indian mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals, is particularly adept at phytoremediation. Brassica juncea is a natural amphidiploid (AABB genome, 2n=36) hybrid of Brassica rapa (AA genome, 2n=20) and Brassica nigra (BB genome, 2n=16). Uses Food. Mustard greens originated in the Himalayan region of India and have been consumed for more than 5,000 years. Synonyms: Brassica juncea megarrhiza Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Root Mustard: Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, the plant is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. Brassica juncea . Source: James A. Duke. It is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant in South Asia and China. The leaves, seeds, and stems of this mustard variety are edible. Publisher John Murray Year 1991 ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 Description Well written and very informative.]. The plant appears in some form in African, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Japanese, Nepali, Pakistani, Korean, and African-American (soul food) cuisines. Brassica juncea napiformis. Brassica cernua var. The plant is often cultivated, especially in the Orient, for its edible leaves and stem. Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifolia. A form with large edible leaf stalks. Axelsson et al. Brassica juncea (AABB) is an allotetraploid species containing genomes of B. rapa (AA) and B. nigra (BB). B. juncea has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European. The seed is used in the treatment of tumours in China. F.B.Forbes & Hemsl. Brassica cernua (Thunb.) Mustard Greens (Brassica juncea variety rugosa) also known as Indian Mustard, Chinese Mustard and Leaf Mustard is a type of mustard plant with edible leaves, stem and seeds. It is native to Central Asia and Russia, and cultivated widely. Brassica juncea integrifolia strumata. 1983. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Brassica juncea Name Synonyms Brassica besseriana Andrz. Brassica cernua (Thunb.) The leaf mustards have quite large smooth-edged edible leaves. A form of Brassica juncea that has been selected in the Orient for its edible swollen stem[206. Synonyms: Brassica integrifolia, Brassica japonica, Brassica juncea japonica, Sinapis juncea Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Brown Mustard: Although not usually used medicinally, the seed is a warming stimulant herb with antibiotic effects. Brassica juncea japonica. Title Oriental Vegetables Publication Author Larkcom J. Brassica juncea is an important plant for phytoremediation. Brassica besseriana Andrz. Hybrids between the two gene pools are heterotic for yield.

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